Inflammation is a biological process that functions as the body's defense mechanism against injuries, infections, viruses or bacteria. Usually, inflammation is a temporary and self-healing process, but it also happens that a chronic inflammation develops. Inflammation is a complex reaction involving different chemical signals and cell types.
Anti-CCP is an autoantibody of significance in rheumatology and in the diagnosis of the disease rheumatoid arthritis (RA), also known as rheumatoid joint inflammation. Anti-CCP typically occurs only when there is suspicion of rheumatoid arthritis and is therefore a very specific biomarker.