What is Follitropin, FSH?
Follitropin or FSH (follicle stimulating hormone), is a hormone produced by the pituitary gland in the brain and plays an important role in the reproductive system of both women and men.
In women, follicle-stimulating hormone stimulates the growth of follicles, which is essential for egg production and ovulation. Without FSH, eggs cannot mature properly and ovulation cannot occur. Therefore, FSH levels are a very important indicator of a woman's fertility and are used to assess ovarian function.
In men, FSH stimulates the production of sperm in the testicles. Low levels of FSH in men can indicate a low sperm count or problems with sperm quality. FSH levels can also be used to diagnose pituitary tumors or other problems with the pituitary gland.
Why are FSH levels analyzed?
The FSH level is analyzed to help identify underlying health problems and optimize treatments to achieve pregnancy.
For women, the FSH analysis is used to assess ovarian function. High levels of FSH may indicate that the ovaries need more stimulation from the pituitary gland, which may indicate a decrease in ovarian reserve or another underlying hormonal imbalance. Low levels of FSH, on the other hand, may indicate a lack of ovulation or other fertility problems.
For men, the FSH level analysis is used to assess testicular function. Low levels of FSH in men can indicate a low sperm count or problems with sperm quality.