Temporary increase in blood pressure is a natural response that can occur during physical exertion, stress or fear. It is an adaptive mechanism in the body. However, if the blood pressure does not return to normal afterwards, it can become harmful to health. In long-term elevated blood pressure, both hereditary factors and lifestyle choices play a role, and obesity is a common risk factor. By making lifestyle changes and using medication, you can reduce the risk of serious sequelae related to high blood pressure.
The causes of high blood pressureInvolves a complex interplay between different organs, hormones and the central nervous system. But there is a lot of knowledge on this subject: Genetic factors often play a role in high blood pressure, as well as lifestyle factors such as stress, unhealthy eating habits, lack of exercise, smoking or excessive alcohol consumption.
Primary hypertension is the most common form of elevated blood pressure and often has no specific individual explanation. It is usually due to a combination of hereditary factors and lifestyle choices. Secondary hypertension is less common and can be a consequence of other diseases. It can be a symptom of hormonal disorders, kidney diseases or certain medications. Malignant hypertension is a rarer condition characterized by very high blood pressure, kidney problems and vascular damage to the eyes. It can occur as a result of both primary and secondary hypertension.
Symptoms of high blood pressure include
- Disturbances in the heart rhythm (arrhythmia), heart failure, enlarged heart and angina pectoris. For example, weakened pulse, window gazing disease and impaired blood supply.
- The eyes: For example bleeding and swelling.
- Kidneys: Narrowing of the blood vessels of the kidneys.
High blood pressure rarely shows clear symptoms and is usually only discovered during a doctor's visit. It is therefore important to identify and control high blood pressure to reduce the risk of these injuries and complications.