Short-term and long-term complications in type 1 diabetes

Short-term and long-term complications in type 1 diabetes

There are a variety of complications that can occur with diabetes. Ketoacidosis and insulin sensitivity are two complications that can come on quickly. But there are also other complications that may arise later on.

Complications that can occur quickly from type 1 diabetes

Type 1 diabetes can cause both immediate and long-term complications. Rapid complications occur when blood sugar levels are very high or very low. These conditions can be life-threatening and require immediate medical intervention. Some of the quick complications include:


Ketoacidosis can occur when blood sugar levels are very high and there is a lack of insulin in the body. This condition can be dangerous and requires immediate treatment. Symptoms of ketoacidosis include abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, dizziness and difficulty breathing.

Insulin awareness

Insulin sensitivity, also known as hypoglycemia, occurs when blood sugar levels drop sharply. This condition can lead to unconsciousness and requires prompt treatment. Symptoms of insulin resistance include sweating, tremors, palpitations, confusion and hunger.

More about type 1 diabetes Type 1 diabetes – causes and answers

Complications that may arise later due to type 1 diabetes

Long-term complications can develop over time if blood sugar levels are not carefully controlled. These complications can affect different parts of the body, including the eyes, kidneys, heart and nerves. Some of the more common long-term complications include:

Diabetic retinopathy

High blood sugar levels can damage the small blood vessels in the eyes and cause damage to the retina. This condition is called diabetic retinopathy and can lead to vision loss and even blindness if not treated in time.

Kidney disease

Diabetes can affect the kidneys and cause damage to the small blood vessels in the kidneys. This can lead to reduced kidney function and, in severe cases, kidney failure. It is important to regularly monitor kidney function and take steps to prevent or slow the progression of kidney disease.

Cardiovascular disease

High blood sugar levels can damage the blood vessels in the heart and increase the risk of heart attacks, strokes and angina pectoris. It is important to control blood sugar levels, blood pressure and cholesterol levels to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease.

Nerve damage

Diabetes can damage the nerves in the body, which can lead to loss of sensation and numbness. This can mainly affect the feet and cause wounds that do not heal properly. It is important to regularly examine the feet and take measures to prevent wound infections and amputations.

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