Here are some common causes of mycoplasma infections:
Direct contact: Mycoplasma can be spread by direct contact with infected individuals or animals. This includes close human contact, such as coughing or sneezing, as well as sexual contact. Mycoplasma can also be transmitted from infected animals to humans.
Airborne droplets: Some mycoplasma species, such as Mycoplasma pneumoniae, are spread through airborne droplets when an infected person coughs or sneezing.
Cohabitation: Mycoplasma genitalium is a species of mycoplasma that can be spread sexually and cause urogenital infections, including urinary tract infections and venereal diseases.
Congenital infections: Mycoplasma can also be transmitted from an infected pregnant woman to her unborn child during pregnancy, which can result in congenital mycoplasma infections in infants.
Ticks and insects: Some mycoplasma species can be transmitted by ticks, mosquitoes or other insects.
Hospital care and healthcare facilities: Mycoplasma infections can sometimes spread in hospital environments, especially if infected patients or staff do not follow necessary hygiene measures.
Mycoplasma infections can cause a variety of symptoms similar to other respiratory tract infections. The most common mycoplasma symptoms include:
Cough: A persistent and irritating cough is one of the most common symptoms of mycoplasma infection. The cough may be dry or accompanied by mucus.
Sore throat: Mycoplasma infections can cause a sore throat which can be painful.
Fever: An elevated body temperature or fever can occur especially in mycoplasma pneumonia.
Headache: Many people with mycoplasma infections experience headaches.
Fatigue: Mycoplasma infections can lead to fatigue and general tiredness.
Muscle pain: Muscle pain and joint pain can occur similar to flu symptoms.
Difficulty breathing: In more severe mycoplasma -infections, the person may experience breathing difficulties, especially if the lungs are affected.
Chest pain: Sometimes chest pain can occur, especially with mycoplasma pneumonia.
Chills: Chills and tremors may occur in connection with fever.
Nausea and vomiting: Some people may experience stomach upset, nausea and vomiting.
It is important to note that the symptoms of mycoplasma infections can vary in intensity and are not always as clear.
The treatment of mycoplasma infections usually involves the use of antibiotics that are effective against these microorganisms. It is important to consult a doctor to obtain an accurate diagnosis and determine the most appropriate treatment based on the type and severity of the infection. Here are some common aspects of treatment:
Antibiotics: Most mycoplasma infections are treated with antibiotics. Macrolides such as azithromycin and clindamycin are often used but your doctor will choose the right antibiotic based on your condition. It is important to follow your doctor's prescription carefully and complete the full course of treatment to ensure that the infection is eradicated.
Fluid intake: Drinking plenty of fluids is important to prevent dehydration and facilitate coughing and mucus production.
Rest: Rest is important to help the body fight the infection and recover.
Pain relief and antipyretic drugs: If necessary, pain relief and antipyretic drugs can be used to manage symptoms such as headache and fever.
Respiratory support: In severe mycoplasma infections, especially those affecting the lungs, respiratory support such as oxygen or mechanical ventilation may be necessary.