Hormones and menstruation - How your menstrual cycle is affected during perimenopause

Hormones and menstruation - How your menstrual cycle is affected during perimenopause

During the perimenopausal phase, women undergo hormonal changes that can have a significant impact on our menstrual cycle and bleeding patterns. In this article, we will explore how perimenopause affects women's cycles and address common questions about this transitional phase.

Estrogen levels decrease during pre-menopause – and this is how it affects the menstrual cycle

During perimenopause, there is a gradual decrease in estrogen levels in the body. Estrogen is the female sex hormone that plays an important role in the menstrual cycle. This reduction can lead to irregular menstrual cycles and altered bleeding. Some women may experience longer or shorter cycles, while others may have much lighter or heavier bleeding.

Decreased egg production and irregular periods - more difficult to determine ovulation

During perimenopause, it is still possible to get pregnant, although the chances decrease significantly. This is because the ovaries' egg production decreases and menstrual cycles become irregular. These changes can make it more difficult to determine the exact time of ovulation, increasing the risk of unplanned pregnancy. If you do not wish to become pregnant, the recommendation is to use contraception during perimenopause.

Treatment for irregular menstruation during perimenopause

To manage irregular menstruation during perimenopause, there are different treatment options to consider. A common method is hormone replacement therapy (HRT) which can be used to balance hormone levels and reduce menstrual cycle irregularities. It is important to discuss these options with a doctor to find the best solution based on your individual needs and health condition.

A natural and individual process in a woman's life

Premenopause is a natural and individual process in a woman's life. By being aware of the impact of perimenopause on our bodies and also how it affects us psychologically, we women can take control of our health and well-being in a better way.

If you feel that your symptoms are eating away at you and affecting you in your everyday life, you should seek help and support from a doctor.

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