Influenza - how to reduce the risk of infection and transmission
By following these guidelines, you can reduce the risk of getting infected with influenza and also contribute to reducing the spread of the disease in society.
- Wash your hands frequently: Wash your hands thoroughly with soap and warm water for at least 20 seconds, especially after coughing, sneezing, or coming into contact with potentially contaminated surfaces. Handwashing is a powerful way to reduce the risk of transmission.
- Use hand sanitizer: If soap and water are not available, you can use hand sanitizer with at least 60% alcohol to disinfect your hands.
- Avoid close contact with sick individuals: If someone in your vicinity has influenza, try to avoid close contact with them to reduce the risk of transmission.
- Cover your mouth and nose when coughing and sneezing: Use a tissue or your elbow fold when coughing or sneezing to prevent the virus from spreading into the air.
- Avoid touching your face: Try to avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth with unwashed hands, as the influenza virus can enter your body through your mucous membranes.
- Stay home if you are sick: If you have influenza symptoms, avoid going to work or school to prevent spreading the disease to others. Stay home until you have been fever-free for at least 24 hours without fever-reducing medication.
- Use face masks: During influenza outbreaks, using face masks can be an additional precaution, especially if you are in the high-risk group or if you are caring for a sick person. Face masks can help prevent the spread of the virus.
- Get the influenza vaccine: Influenza vaccination is one of the most effective ways to protect yourself and others from influenza. It is particularly recommended for individuals at increased risk of severe complications, such as the elderly, pregnant women, and those with chronic illnesses.
Stay healthy - strengthen your immune system
A general healthy lifestyle, including a balanced diet, regular exercise, and adequate sleep, can strengthen your immune system and reduce the risk of getting sick.