Cardiovascular diseases - the most common cause of death in Sweden


Cardiovascular diseases are one of the most common causes of death in Sweden. These diseases can cause serious damage to the heart and blood vessels, it is important to be aware of the risk factors and symptoms in order to detect and treat these diseases in time.


A common cardiovascular disease is angina (or coronary artery disease), which is caused by narrowing of the coronary arteries that supply the heart with blood. Varicose veins can cause chest pain and shortness of breath, and can lead to a heart attack if not treated in time.

High blood pressure

High blood pressure is a risk factor and a condition that is included in public diseases and that can cause cardiovascular disease. High blood pressure can cause damage to the heart and blood vessels, and can lead to heart attacks and strokes if left untreated.

Enlarged heart muscle

Enlarged heart muscle (cardiomyopathy) means that there is a disease in the heart muscle, this is a condition that can lead to heart failure and cardiac arrest if not treated in time.


Atherosclerosis is another common cardiovascular disease caused by changes in the vessel wall, such as fatty deposits. This can lead to narrowing of the vessels and increase the risk of heart attack and stroke.

Cardiovascular diseases with onset at a young age

Common cardiovascular diseases that start at a young age are Aortic stenosis and Mitral stenosis, which are heart defects that occur at birth or early in life.

Risk Factors for cardiovascular diseases

It is important to be aware of the risk factors for cardiovascular diseases, such as smoking, high blood pressure, high blood fats and diabetes. Regular health checks can help detect these diseases at an early stage, so that treatment can begin as soon as possible.

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